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Area prices were up 0.6 percent over the past month, up 5.2 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.6 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The July increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter, food, and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 5.2 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices increased 4.6 percent. Energy prices jumped 24.9 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 3.9 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, West Region, July 2018-July 2021

Food

Food prices rose 1.1 percent for the month of July. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 1.0 percent with similar gains across all sub-categories except for a 0.2 percent price decline for fruits and vegetables. Prices for food away from home increased 1.2 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 4.6 percent. Prices for food at home increased 4.0 percent since a year ago, with increases of at least 1.0 percent for all food categories. Prices for food away from home increased 5.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 2.5 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (3.6 percent). Prices for natural gas service rose 2.2 percent, and prices for electricity rose 0.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 24.9 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (39.9 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 10.9 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 6.5 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.3 percent in July. Higher prices for, new and used vehicles (1.0 percent), recreation (0.7 percent), and shelter (0.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-1.3 percent), motor vehicle insurance (-0.7 percent), and apparel (-0.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 3.9 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used vehicles (20.7 percent), recreation (4.1 percent), and shelter (2.4 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decrease in medical care (-0.5 percent).

 

Table A. West region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 2.5 0.5 3.1 0.2 2.7 0.3 2.9 0.2 1.4

February

0.6 3.0 0.5 3.1 0.2 2.4 0.4 3.1 0.5 1.6

March

0.3 3.1 0.4 3.2 0.4 2.4 -0.2 2.5 0.7 2.4

April

0.3 2.9 0.4 3.2 0.8 2.9 -0.4 1.3 1.0 3.9

May

0.2 2.6 0.5 3.5 0.5 2.9 0.1 0.8 0.8 4.7

June

0.0 2.5 0.2 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.4 1.2 0.9 5.1

July

0.1 2.5 0.1 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.5 1.7 0.6 5.2

August

0.2 2.7 0.2 3.6 0.1 2.6 0.3 1.9

September

0.5 2.9 0.3 3.4 0.3 2.6 0.0 1.6

October

0.3 2.9 0.4 3.5 0.5 2.8 0.2 1.2

November

0.0 3.1 -0.2 3.3 -0.1 2.8 0.0 1.4

December

0.1 3.1 -0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.8 -0.1 1.5

The August 2021 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on September 14, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on July 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in July was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

 

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periodsWest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from-
May
2021
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021
Jul.
2020
May
2021
Jun.
2021

Expenditure category

All Items

285.793 288.263 289.863 5.2 1.4 0.6

All items (December 1977=100)

461.969 465.962 468.547

Food and beverages

285.813 287.615 290.472 4.4 1.6 1.0

Food

286.396 288.239 291.398 4.6 1.7 1.1

Food at home

268.142 269.676 272.502 4.0 1.6 1.0

Cereals and bakery products

272.227 271.134 275.279 3.0 1.1 1.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

294.224 301.824 304.475 8.5 3.5 0.9

Dairy and related products

246.958 244.958 249.618 2.7 1.1 1.9

Fruits and vegetables

348.399 349.760 348.995 1.0 0.2 -0.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

189.598 190.854 191.918 4.3 1.2 0.6

Other food at home

224.171 223.990 227.921 3.3 1.7 1.8

Food away from home

310.095 312.352 315.954 5.3 1.9 1.2

Alcoholic beverages

274.803 276.072 275.127 2.5 0.1 -0.3

Housing

314.363 315.145 316.374 2.6 0.6 0.4

Shelter

361.317 362.727 364.668 2.4 0.9 0.5

Rent of primary residence(1)

384.865 385.176 385.960 1.6 0.3 0.2

Owners’ equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

379.821 381.084 382.556 2.3 0.7 0.4

Owners’ equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

379.768 381.031 382.499 2.3 0.7 0.4

Fuels and utilities

334.314 335.277 338.607 6.5 1.3 1.0

Household energy

285.816 286.018 288.609 7.6 1.0 0.9

Energy services(1)

288.277 288.319 290.859 7.4 0.9 0.9

Electricity(1)

321.911 321.124 322.740 6.5 0.3 0.5

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

226.090 228.262 233.384 10.9 3.2 2.2

Household furnishings and operations

142.072 140.834 139.064 0.9 -2.1 -1.3

Apparel

115.403 115.707 115.154 5.4 -0.2 -0.5

Transportation

239.342 248.397 251.485 20.2 5.1 1.2

Private transportation

236.544 245.123 248.783 20.3 5.2 1.5

New and used motor vehicles(3)

113.190 119.848 121.095 20.7 7.0 1.0

New vehicles

153.721 157.642 160.029 6.8 4.1 1.5

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

106.777 109.535 111.174 6.8 4.1 1.5

New cars(4)

155.634

Used cars and trucks

172.779 190.639 191.889 41.6 11.1 0.7

Motor fuel

296.579 304.173 315.205 39.8 6.3 3.6

Gasoline (all types)

295.859 303.449 314.438 39.9 6.3 3.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

292.570 300.179 311.203 40.7 6.4 3.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

282.733 289.837 300.051 37.5 6.1 3.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

290.072 297.126 307.334 36.2 6.0 3.4

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

844.423 844.862 838.731 0.8 -0.7 -0.7

Medical Care

542.235 540.688 541.222 -0.5 -0.2 0.1

Medical care commodities

420.523 417.626 417.940 -2.6 -0.6 0.1

Medical care services

579.856 578.738 579.341 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Professional services

375.704 375.654 377.271 2.1 0.4 0.4

Recreation(3)

118.207 119.441 120.253 4.1 1.7 0.7

Education and communication(3)

140.499 140.538 140.400 0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,509.779 1,514.489 1,514.781 0.8 0.3 0.0

Other goods and services

473.656 475.949 476.463 3.2 0.6 0.1

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

285.793 288.263 289.863 5.2 1.4 0.6

Commodities

201.311 204.374 206.153 9.2 2.4 0.9

Commodities less food & beverages

159.513 162.903 164.187 12.7 2.9 0.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

205.780 207.632 210.323 12.6 2.2 1.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

269.177 272.099 277.022 14.9 2.9 1.8

Durables

116.574 120.586 120.895 12.7 3.7 0.3

Services

363.731 365.436 366.763 2.8 0.8 0.4

Rent of shelter(2)

384.873 386.375 388.466 2.4 0.9 0.5

Transportation services

328.552 335.488 334.006 9.1 1.7 -0.4

Other services

370.264 373.204 374.008 2.1 1.0 0.2

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

274.068 276.697 278.336 5.7 1.6 0.6

All items less food

285.844 288.418 289.763 5.3 1.4 0.5

All items less shelter

256.148 259.030 260.495 6.8 1.7 0.6

Commodities less food

163.864 167.221 168.452 12.2 2.8 0.7

Nondurables

245.959 247.797 250.584 7.8 1.9 1.1

Nondurables less food

211.029 212.849 215.310 11.7 2.0 1.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

269.409 272.153 276.448 13.4 2.6 1.6

Services less rent of shelter(2)

377.557 379.711 380.216 3.5 0.7 0.1

Services less medical care services

348.647 350.537 351.909 3.2 0.9 0.4

Energy

296.918 301.487 309.105 24.9 4.1 2.5

All items less energy

287.446 289.794 290.999 4.0 1.2 0.4

All items less food and energy

288.442 290.888 291.746 3.9 1.1 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

149.384 152.290 152.531 7.8 2.1 0.2

Energy commodities

301.631 309.363 320.517 39.4 6.3 3.6

Services less energy services

369.511 371.317 372.581 2.7 0.8 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

– Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 11, 2021